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~ Space Pioneers Foundation ~
* Discussion Topics *

On our tour to the United States and Europe, we hope to meet many people with an interest in space. A number of discussion topics are included below.

San Francisco on Sunday 6 October - 11 October
Los Angeles on Friday 11 October - 16 October
Washington, D.C. on Wednesday 16 October - 28 October
Chicago on Monday 28 October - 2 November
Stockholm, Sweden, on Sunday 3 November
Departing Stockholm on Monday 11 November to return to Australia

Discussion Topics
The Carbon Crisis
Orbital Cities
Space Cafe
Space Art Gallery
Space Farm
A Stellar Economy
Giant Leap into Space
Virtual Worlds 
Technical Team
YouTube Channel
Music for Space
Viking Spirit of Adventure
West Papua and the Moon landing

Booth 377 in the IAC2019 Exhibition Hall ~ 21-25 October

While in Washington we will be attending the International Astronautical Congress, where we will have Booth 377 in the Exhibition Hall. We will have a large screen there to show our work in the virtual world, including Second Life, and demonstrate how this medium can be put to work for a giant leap to a space future. We will also welcome discussion on the various topics listed here. We are keen to know what others think of this approach to space, and how it may be improved. This approach to space crerates a way for anyone interested in space, anywhere in the world, to enage with space action, and forge a career in the global space industry. We also explore ways in which space is the key to peace, which is far better than stumbling into nuclear war.

Floor Plan ~

Presentation at the International Astronautical Congress 2019
Our Science Officer, Dr Jennifer Bolton, will be making a presentation at the International Astronautical Congress 2019 ~

SESSION 4 ~ Space Assets and Disaster Management
14:45pm Thursday 24 October 2019 ~ Room 145A
9 ~ Fixing the Global Carbon Crisis with Space Development ~ Dr. Jennifer Bolton

Climate change presents an immediate threat to Earth with the potential for a planet-wide disaster. The consequences of rising temperatures will be environmental, social and financial. No aspect of human society will be unaffected. There are serious implications for health, agriculture, business and security as climate refugees are driven from their homes. The space industry will not be immune from these effects with less resources available for space development as the world is forced to divert more attention and assets to coping with climate change. Fortunately, space science and industry are ideally positioned to contribute to solving the current carbon crisis. While climate change is a complex issue, reducing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is one clear way to reverse global changes. Technology exists and is currently deployed on a small scale to achieve carbon dioxide extraction from ambient air. The challenges are to scale up this process to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide to a safe level and decide how to process the captured gas. There is already a market for carbon dioxide in industry and agriculture but this will not be able to absorb the volume of this gas that must be removed from the atmosphere. Ultimately, to avoid having to store large amounts of carbon dioxide it will need to be processed into carbon and oxygen for reuse or storage. Conversion of carbon dioxide to its elemental components is possible in the laboratory and current research seeks the most efficient way to achieve this on a large scale. To remove the volume of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere that will reverse dangerous climate change and reduce it to elemental carbon for reuse or safe storage will require a vast amount of energy that clearly must not be derived from fossil fuels. Space-based solar power can provide the solution. An integrated approach using the energy of the Sun harvested in space to extract carbon dioxide from the air and process it to elemental carbon would demonstrate clearly the value of space technology to human society and the Earth environment. Space Pioneers advocates for this approach to solving Earth-based problems. By considering the Solar System as a whole with its vast mineral and energy resources, rather than viewing the Earth in isolation, it is possible to find solutions for the most pressing problems facing human society. The participation of the space community in this discussion is essential.


Fixing the Carbon Crisis with Space Solutions
Has the global space industry totally failed to sell space solutions to the carbon crisis?
A few years ago one detail about the Earth was not appreciated. This is just how sensitive the Earth is to change. Now changes are ratcheting along quite fast, and there is no apparent end in sight to the carbon crisis, resulting from burning too much fossil fuel for too long, when we should have been making a bold transition to the power of the Sun harvested in space, first proposed by Dr Peter Glaser in 1968. The Princeton physics professor, Gerard K. O’Neill, included space based solar power in his blueprint for space development and settlement, and wrote, "If this development comes to pass, we will find ourselves here on Earth with a clean energy source, and we will further improve our environment by saving, each year, over a billion tons of fossil fuels.”
('The High Frontier’ by Gerard K. O’Neill, 1977, William Morrow, page 162)
That single quote reveals how space was the real green, but this fact was entirely missed by the global conservation movement, who, like the fossil fuel industry, have remained firmly focused on the Earth. Though the 1968 Earthrise photo was taken by Apollo explorers from the Moon, this fact was entirely forgotten, as Earth only solutions were sought, and as a consequence, there has been a total failure to keep this Earth safe. 
We now face a problem of too much carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air, and rising, driving up the heat on Earth, which drives the melting of polar ice, heat expansion of the oceans, sea level rise, global heating and climate change. The rising level of CO2 in the air also changes plant biology, making food crops less nutritious, and even more toxic, and also drives an increase in ocean acidity. In a hotter world, wildfires are more lethal, ocean storms are more powerful, and coral reefs are being killed by a combined attack of rising ocean heat and increasing ocean acidity.
A rather specific example is the threat presented to leatherwood honey, which comes from beekeepers accessing the leatherwood forests on Tasmania’s West Coast. In our heating world, lightning storms have been driving fires which burn through the leatherwood forests, which do not normally burn, as the area is usually wetter, but global heating is making the forests drier. Last summer, wildfires killed thousands of leatherwood trees. If similar lightning storms and wildfires happen this southern summer, or next, the leatherwood trees could be lost. That is just one example of the impact of the carbon crisis on the quality of our lives.
Bushfires devastate Tasmanian leatherwood honey production, prices set to rise
Georgie Burgess, 5 February 2019, ABC News Online
A more dire threat would be the loss of fish stocks in the oceans, where dying coral reefs have served as nurseries. We have a rather serious problem on our hands, with no end in sight to the killing to come, as the Earth is beginning to die. The human body is sensitive to heat, and can over-react in higher heat and humidity, called heat stroke, which can deliver a swift death. Many animals, will also face heat mortality. The Earth system may also over-react to heat as the temperature rise goes higher, in a form of planet heat stroke.
'The Great Barrier Reef is in trouble: there are a whopping 45 reasons why'
Jon C. Day & Scott Heron, 12 September 2019, The Conversation
James Lovelock pointed out the sensitivity of the Earth problem, and with a really basic trigger in sight. The Sun is getting hotter, very slowly, but since life began billions of years ago, the Earth system has been compensating for the rising level of solar radiation. Lovelock has warned that the sudden increase in heat that we have driven, may simply drive the Earth into a sudden shift to a permanently hotter environment, where the tropics and sub-tropics would become too hot for life. We can have no idea when such an event would happen, as like the break-up of an ice sheet, it would be sudden. (’The Vanishing Face of Gaia’ by James Lovelock, 2009, Penguin)
The Sun is now 35 per cent hotter than at its birth 4.5 billion years ago, and has so much fuel in reserve, it will burn fiercely over the next 5 billion years, until expanding to the orbit of the Earth as a red giant star. That is basic astronomy for a star like our Sun. We have a virtually infinite energy well above our heads, with which we can do any work, and create any dream imagined. If we had raised our game to space in the 1970s, we would have become a much more advanced society now, and been able to end poverty with a Stellar Economy, which could have heralded an end to war, as we explored higher levels of creativity in space.
Having dillied and dallied on Earth for too long, there is a high risk that the carbon crisis could overwhelm us, leaving humans trapped on Earth, where conflict may all too easily tumble into nuclear madness. To survive, we need to lift our game from Earth into space, direct access to the power of the Sun in space, from where we will be in position to fix all strife on Earth.
James Hansen, the World’s leading climate scientist, concluded over a decade ago, the limits of a safe Earth are with atmospheric CO2 below 350 parts per million (ppm), which he says is the level needed to keep the Earth’s temperature rise under 1.5C (’Storms of My Grandchildren’, 2009, Bloomsbury). It is good to know what to aim for, even excellent, except for the fact that we sailed past 350 ppm CO2 in the air in the 1980s. That was the decade when space based solar power could have come on line. What kind of coincidence is that? Now CO2 in the air is galloping beyond 400 ppm, with a present planet temperature rise of 1C. What will the real temperature rise be, as by Hansen’s conclusions, we were committed to 1.5C temperature rise in the 1980s? Is all further CO2 rise in the air since the 1980s, simply future heat beyond 1.5C? The maths screams at us, and the laws of physics lay judgement upon us.
What is the space industry answer to the carbon crisis, which once held the key to totally avoiding it? A recent article in Forbes by geologist, James Conca, called for urgent action, but did not mention space, at all. Read that article and you will see talk of pumping particles into the air to cool the Earth. Why is Conca not alert to the space option? Has the space industry totally failed to communicate working space solutions to Earthly strife?
'Why Solar Geoengineering May Be Our Only Hope To Reverse Global Warming'
James Conca, 10 September 2019, Forbes
It is basic chemistry to remove CO2 from the air, and also break CO2 down into oxygen and carbon, and also process extracted carbon into a useful resource. There is only one catch. It will take a huge amount of energy to do this work. Where could this energy come from? How about the Sun, with solar power stations in space? The way the carbon crisis could have been avoided, totally, is no the way we can fix it.
With industry in space, we can also construct an adjustable sunshade above the Earth, which can also double as a solar energy farm, providing power for space industry, and also for Earth, as needed.
The cost to do this work would be high, but there is a trick we can apply. By the simplest of maths, once there is a sustainable industrial presence in space, there will be no further cost to space development. In my 2006 document, Creating a Solar Civilization, I call this the Liberty Line. The only way to secure the Liberty Line, is with a giant leap in space development. The carbon crisis provides an incentive to do this, and absolutely no doubt about this approach working. Space can save the Earth.
Creating a Solar Civilization
Swift action on the space approach is critical, as we do not know when the Earth system may shift to a permanently hotter environment, and so we need to bring space solution into play at the earliest opportunity. We need a global campaign for space to save the Earth. Can we inspire ten million people to join this campaign? I suggest that ten million may be a critical number to motivate public and political support. Ten million campaigners on the case for space could hope to inspire a billion people to sign up, with a path that will save the Earth, win peace on Earth, and end poverty on Earth.
How much would a giant leap to the Liberty Line cost? That is a figure that needs to be worked out. Say it is a trillion dollars: where could that much money come from? Again, simple maths provides an answer. 30 cents a day. For 30 cents a day over ten years, a billion people could raise a trillion dollars. That may seem hard to believe, so do the maths, and consider how, for 30 cents a day, we could achieve the impossible. 
There is also evidence on the table now, that ten million space campaigners could be found within twelve months, with a well presented message, backed by current technology that allows individuals to engage in the action. When the former chief weapons designer from the Kremlin, Dr Igor Ashurbeyli, proposed the space nation called Asgardia in October 2016, on the eve of the United State presidential election, over half a million would-be space settlers signed up in a couple of weeks. By simple extension, a good message could hope to win a space campaign strength of ten million within a year. Why wait for the Russians? We need to take action to save ourselves, and the Earth.
Asgardia is now called a kingdom, which doesn’t seem like the best way to inspire democratic engagement, and being a single nation, it does not offer a door for the citizens of all nations to engage in a global space campaign to save the Earth. Asgardia, however, may play a role, if their supporters decide to, the same as with the citizens of any nation.
At Space Pioneers we have been working out the shape of a global space campaign, one which is fully democratic, where ten million and more space pioneers could be directly engaged in the mission, even on a daily basis. If we are going to make a giant leap to the Liberty Line, it will be through direct action by a critical number of citizens.
We are half a century late with this campaign. We have 5 decades to catch up on. We need to get moving pretty soon, as a point may come when the space option may no longer be possible.
We have a message from the stars, and we need to consider how to read it. That message is an eerie silence that fills the Milky Way, with no sight or sound of any alien civilizations. What are we to make of this? Are we alone in the cosmos?
There are people planning to send a tiny stellar explorer to the nearest star on a journey lasting 20 years, powered by a solar sail, which is driven by a laser beam. In time such probes will make rock-fall around another star, build a star base, and send stellar explorers on to other stars. In the blink of a cosmic eye, we could have a star base around every star in the Milky Way galaxy, and be sending explorers on to other galaxies, all at the speed of a solar sail. And quantum entanglement may even allow real time communication, once a star base is established. Time will tell, if we lift our game from Earth strife to cosmic survival.
'The Breakthrough Starshot project: Launching ultra-fast light-driven nanocrafts to Alpha Centauri’
Scitech Europa, 4 April 2019
But, where is ET?
When David Wallace Wells was interviewing climate scientists for his long article, he found them wondering about the Great Filter theory, which predicts an event in the progress of a planet civilization that ends their run, before they can secure their cosmic survival, and as an explanation for why we have not seen any evidence for alien civilizations among the stars. Of all the catastrophes that could strike, from an asteroid to a super volcano, the one event that could strike all planet civilizations at the same time, is a carbon crisis, brought on by burning too much fossil fuel for too long, leading to a sudden rise in heat that overwhelms their future, either leaving them trapped on their planet, or extinct. 
'The Uninhabitable Earth'
David Wallace-Wells, 9 July 2017, New York Magazine
'Great Filter theory could explain why we’re yet to make alien contact'
George Roberts, 21 July 2017, ABC News Online
If the eerie silence among the stars is a warning for us, and as we are quite close to gaining cosmic survival, a Great Filter event would need to be in our very near future. Is this a risk we are prepared to take?
We can apply the precautionary principle, and invite a billion people to help make a giant leap to the Liberty Line, to save the Earth, and help secure our cosmic survival.
We have this moment to act. If we wait, the moment may be lost. But, if we can get on a roll with mobilizing for cosmic survival, and succeed, the stars will be in our hands.
Will we continue to drag our feet on Earth, trusting in the fickle finger of fate?
Or, will we run like the wind to secure our cosmic survival?



Orbital Cities in Space
On Earth we experience gravity as being the suspension of our fall to the centre of the Earth, by standing on a solid surface. In space a similar experience can be made by rotating a wheel at the right rate, so that the floor blocks the outward motion. Whether on Earth or in space, it is the blocking of a fall that provides the experience of an Earth gravity.
In an orbital city it will be possible to provide a Mars gravity on a level closer to the hub, and further in, lunar gravity. In the centre, at the hub, there would be micro gravity, and the potential of a zero gravity swimming pool. Orbital cities offer much more variety than living on a planet, a moon, or an asteroid, as well as direct access to space travel.
An orbital city would be popular with tourists, and also be able to offer a zero gravity hospital for specialised treatment, such as burns.
The advantage of an Earth gravity, would be to maintain an Earth gravity fitness, so that it would be a smooth transitions to go from space to Earth. The Moon has one sixth of Earth’s gravity, and Mars a third. There are enough raw materials in space to build orbital cities with a land area many thousands of times that of Earth. There are near-Earth asteroids, the Moon, Mars, the Asteroid Belt, as many asteroids again in Jupiter’s orbital La Grange areas, and trillions of object stretching near half way to the nearest star, with the Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud. Then there are objects beyond the Solar System, with asteroids, comets, moons and planets, some of which find their way into the Solar System, as with a recently discovered comet.
'Astronomers have discovered a new comet — and it could be from outside the solar system'
Bridget Judd, 14 September 2019, ABC News Online
Why park on a planet, when it is possible to have the liberty of the Solar System, and be able to visit Earth?
Imagine being born on Mars, and then consider going to a planet with three times the gravity as your home planet. A born and bred Martian could have trouble securing travel insurance to visit Earth, and be denied a day at an Earth beach.
The simple solution would be to have Earth gravity space cities in orbit above Mars.
With the necessity of making a giant leap to the Liberty Line to save the Earth, we would be in position to build any number of cities in space, at no further cost.
That is the simple maths of space development, where we can create living space in space for all who would like to live among the stars.
Beyond the Liberty line it becomes possible to build arks in space for all Earth’s citizens, and the shuttlecraft for transport, in case of a planet emergency such as an asteroid too large to deal with.
In space, everything will be different.
The Russian space visionary, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, once said, "A planet is the cradle of mind, but one cannot live in a cradle forever.”
We need to create new cradles in space, cities among the stars.
How soon could this happen?
How soon should this happen?
Reflecting on how long it would take to get serious about space settlement and development, O’Neill once said, "Almost anything can be done in a ten year period, when we set our minds to it.”
The High Frontier 5/5 ~
Gerard K. O’Neill describes his vision for space
A campaign for space must include the construction of the first cities in space, which will create an incentive to join the mission.
Jeff Bezos vision for space include orbital cities, with a conversation between Isaac Asimov and Gerard K. O’Neill ~

Going to Space to Benefit Earth (Full Event Replay)




Space Cafe
A Space Cafe is a way to talk about space, consider space futures, and plan action to make it happen.
A Space Cafe could be a meeting in a kitchen, or in a park, a mall, or a shop, or even in a virtual world, via avatars.
A Space Cafe can include, when the space allows, a space theme cafe, a shop for space, a space art gallery, a meeting room, a workshop for space pioneers to work on astronomy, rocketry, robotics and growing food as if in space, and also space careers information.
Space Cafe staff would dress in a space theme, and be smartly dressed, to inspire visitors about space.
A large screen in the Space Cafe could show the latest space launch, views from space, as well as space activities in the virtual world.
It would be amazing to have a thousand Space Cafes around the world, all connecting globally for the celestial dream.
Each space cafe would be run by a local team, with a shared theme.
Space Cafes would be out of this world.


Space Art Gallery
At Star City in the virtual world f Second Life, there is our Space Arty Gallery.
We are setting up an exhibition there at present.
Artists who would like to participate in the space art theme, could consider art in a space theme.
Any artist interested can contact ~


Space Farm
We own 20 acres of land in Ross, Tasmania, the island state of Australia, where a Space Cafe could happen, with an art gallery, and plans for a sculpture trail.
The idea of a space farm can include a space research institute, especially with research into growing food for space communities, and actually grow food for space, until space communities are self-sufficient in food production.
The Space Farm can offer a retreat for space workers to reflect on space problems, and seek solutions.
The Space Farm could also host a Space Camp, where youth can explore space futures.
The Space Farm theme can happen in a small way on our 20 acres, but a larger property will be needed to pursue the full vision of the Space Farm.
A suitable property is now for sale a few miles south of Ross, called Mount Morriston ~ see the photos and information below. 
Or look at the Real Estate entry ~
Should anyone be interested in helping to turn the Space Farm idea into working reality, with our land, or on a property like Mount Morriston, let’s have a chat and consider that.
There could be a thousand Space Farms set up around the world, to support the space community, and as a place where space pioneers can prepare for a life in space.
Unless only robots will be working in space, the people living up there will need good food.








A Stellar Economy
The Sun is a virtually infinite energy well, with so much fuel in reserve, it will burn fiercely over the next 5 billion years, until expanding to the orbit of the Earth as a red giant star. 
With the power of the Sun harvested in space, we can do any work, create any dream imagined.
By locating a solar station closer to the Sun, more power can be gained.
Why do we cling to the cradle of Mother Earth, when we can know the liberty of the stars?
The level of wealth that can be generated in space is so vast, that money may lose all meaning.
At the very least, any form of money used in the near future, may be based on the power of the Sun.
In this unlimited prosperity, we will be able to redefine the basics of an acceptable society.
We will be able to establish a basic universal life expectation for all citizens, to be able to enjoy a creative career, have meaningful work, receive proper income, and have a home.
Rather than being in competition with robots, and automation taking work away, we will be engaging creatively with our machines, to build a better society for all.
Many people would be happy with a simple life, while the more ambitious among us would be able to excel. 
By using the power of the Sun to end poverty on Earth, we will be building a more peaceful human society, removing the need for crime, and improving health.
With the simple aim of all citizens being able to live a happy and creative life, the root cause of war will be diminished.
We would be able to look toward a future where creativity displaces conflict among the stars.
We would be establishing a legacy for the next thousand generations.
With heavy industry relocated into space, humankind would step more gently on the Earth, where transport and travel could be by airships to any location on the planet.
With unlimited scope for human numbers in space, the population of the home planet can be limited to an ecologically sustainable number.
Much of the Earth may be returned to wilderness, where evolution can continue.
Venus, with nearly the gravity of Earth, could in time be transformed into a second Earth.
It will take a while, but can be done, beginning with an adjustable sunshade in space.
A Stellar Economy will be designed to work in the Solar System as a whole.
In space we will learn to be wise with life and resources.
In space we will practice total recycling, because with the power of the Sun, we can.
There is no waste in a stellar economy, where all resources flow like nutrients in a rainforest.
As humankind spread out among the stars, we will have tamed our wild old ways.
We will be able to step gently in the cosmic forest.


A Giant Leap Campaign for Space
Anyone who agrees that we need to make a giant leap into space to secure the Liberty Line, so we can save the Earth and improve our cosmic survival options, can consider participating in this plan of action.
One person can have a really great idea, but on their own, the idea stands in isolation.
Two people can share an idea and have a great discussion.
Ten people who share a vision and work as one to achieve it, could hope to inspire ten million people to join the action.
Ten million people engaged in space, could hope to inspire a billion people to support the mission, and contribute 30 cents a day over ten years, raising over a trillion dollars to achieve the impossible dream of a celestial future among the stars.
A billion people voting for a space future would inspire their governments to take a greater interest in space.
Ten million people could collectively raise a trillion dollars over ten years, as a serious investment strategy, if they set their minds to it, and work together in teams.
For anyone wishing to engage in the campaign for space, they could look to join a team of ten space pioneers, and locate activities in the virtual world, as a way to meet globally, set up displays, and build working space models.
Virtual world meetings, via avatars, can be used to plan local activities.
A virtual world region works well for a team of ten.
Teams can vote for a leader and second, who would communicate the wishes of the team to Space Pioneers HQ.
Sixteen teams could be established on 16 virtual world regions, which could be in a block of 4 by 4 regions, creating a village, with an elected head and second, who would communicate the interests of the village to Space Pioneers HQ, and receive messages to pass along to the members of the village.
In this way a chain of communications can be established, where all participants are connect to the mission.
The number of 160 space pioneers fits in with the 150 and 250 people in a successful community, called Dunbar’s number ~
Sixteen villages could form a town, and 16 towns could form a city.
City by city, numbers could be built with strong lines of communication to all members.
The aim would be for all members to have a place in an orbital space city, if they wish to live in space.
Some member may be in support, but not make the move into space, when the time comes.
Space pioneers could engage in many hands-on activities, especially with robotics and remote control systems, which is how much work in space will happen.
A test project can be to have our own satellite in space, in the form of a small orbital city, in which tiny robots will be active.
Space pioneers would access the tiny robots from Earth to see through their camera, and work with their hands.
Space pioneers would have a view of the Earth from space, via the tiny robots in a small orbital space city.
Models of our plans for space can be built in the virtual worlds.
A space pioneer could have a room in the model of an orbital space city in a virtual world, just like the room they would like to have in space.
As space pioneers strive to secure our cosmic survival, we can also address Earth needs.
This could include developing robots that can clean the plastic trash out of the oceans.
Trash cleaning robots could be mass-produced in space factories, once established, and sent to Earth to do the work.
Will you dare to imagine the impossible, and figure out how to make it happen?


Working in a Virtual World
When Philip Rosedale was developing Second Life in 2003, it was at first intended to be a game, but then he had a brainwave, and decided to do it differently.
That is how Second Life began as a virtual world where the user makes the content, for personal use of to sell to other residents.
Having read about Second Life, I wondered if the virtual world could be used as a platform for a global campaign for space.
I joined Second Life in February 2007 and began to figure out how it worked, which took a couple of years.
Eventually I got my head around the place and began building.
The main feature of Second Life is the ability to communicate with people around the World, via avatars.
This is a bit like having pen pals.
For people skilled with scripting, a builder can create a rocket that launches with the avatar riding inside.
The train in the photo can be driven along the tracks.
Some people fly planes.
Live music events happen, and light shows as well, which can be absolutely amazing.
In 2011 Space Pioneers ventured into InWorldz, another virtual world that has now closed, to explore the building of torus space stations.
We solved a number of problems in this project.
We recently launched our own virtual world, called Space Pioneers Grid, but it is not ready to open to the general public yet.
It is possible for anyone to have a virtual world in their home computer, and even invite a limited number of people to visit their private world, via avatars.



Technical Team ~ Space Pioneers Grid
To progress Space Pioneers Grid as a virtual world that could come to serve ten million and more user accounts, we need to build a Technical Team. 
We would be pleased to hear from people with experience with the technical aspect of a virtual world.
An applicant would need to be a dedicated space pioneer, who sees the virtual world as a way to build the space community that plans to live in space.
There is no budget for wages at this time.
We must build the business, open Space Pioneers Grid, and invite space pioneers to engage in this aspect of the mission.

If interested, contact ~


YouTube Channel
As part of the campaign for space, we can look to high quality YouTubes on space news and stories.
Space Pioneers in different parts of the world could report on space events in their nation.
A drama series could be developed, to explore the activities of a team as they campaign for space, and in time, go orbital.
Who would like to be a star among the stars?


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Space Pioneer
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Space Music
Music is a universal language.
Music can be put to work to inspire the space mission and win community and political support, whether Space Oddity performed on the International Space Station by Chris Hadfield ~
Planet Caravan by Black Sabbath ~
The Planets by Gustav Holst ~
or the haunting music from Gayane Ballet Suite (Adagio) by Aram Khachaturian, featured in the Kubrick movie 2001: A Space Odyssey ~
We can ring the music of the spheres for space.

The 1892 replica of the Gokstad Viking ship, built in Norway and sailed across the Atlantic ocean to Chicago.

The Viking Spirit of Adventure
The 1993 Chicago World Fair saw an unusual arrival.
A Viking ship, a full-size replica of the Gokstad ship found in the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway, sailed into Chicago and stole the show.
Called Viking, the ship is still in Geneva, just outside of Chicago, and has been in need of a home ~
When we visit Chicago we hope to see Viking, and see how the work is progressing to preserve the ship and give it a home.
The Norwegian voyage across the Atlantic was intended to prove that the Vikings could have sailed to America, as indicated in The Vinland Saga, a story preserved in Iceland.
The Viking ship was the rocket ship of its day, and put the Norse onto the World stage, and into history.
We too can draw on the spirit of the Vikings for adventure to inspire space action.
There are many tales from history that can also inspire.
The Viking ship holds a unique place in world history, as it was the foundation of modern European shipbuilding.
That spirit of the frontier took us on to flight, and the rockets that go into space.
Now we look to journeys across the Solar System, and upon the ocean of space.
We will need a fearless spirit of adventure, as we reach for the stars.

The Gokstad Viking ship in the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway.


West Papua and the 1969 Moon Landing
As Neil Armstrong was stepping onto the Moon in July 1969, a vote on self-determination was being held in western New Guinea, to determine whether a territory the size of France, the western half of this large island, would be part of Indonesia, or be an independent nation.
This plebiscite was supposed to have been run by the United Nations, but Indonesia was allowed to control the vote.
Indonesia selected 1025 men, lectured them under the shadow of guns, and then told them to step across a line drawn in the dirt as the method of voting.
Ever since, the western Papuans have been fighting for their right to a free vote on their future, which they see as stolen from them in 1969.
One of the endless stories of the West Papuan tragedy ~
West Papua will be forever a ghost to haunt the Moon landing, because the stealing of western New Guinea was timed to coincide with events on the Moon, when fewer people would be looking at the news from New Guinea.
On the day of the line-stepping in New Guinea, President Nixon was on a State visit to Jakarta, which drew many reporters away from events in New Guinea.
The United Nations was at the very least supposed to observe what happened, but Indonesia began the line-stepping charade without them, laughing at the World.
The UN observers rushed from Jakarta to witness the last fifth of the "Act of No Choice”, as Papuans call it.
At the United Nations General Assembly, the line-stepping was accepted by the nations of the World.
The line-stepping style of voting would not have been acceptable in their own countries, especially with the fate of a nation hanging on the outcome.
A few newly independent African nations refused to vote.
East Timor gained their independence from Indonesia in 1999, in a plebiscite properly run by the United Nations, with a secret ballot, and not by a few selected men lectured under the shadow of guns and told to step over a line drawn in the dirt.
East Timor is now a free nation.
West Papua waits.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
United States Declaration of Independence



First Step
We remember the 1969 Moon landing, at the moment it happened in 1969 in each time zone around the world, over two calender days.
This is followed by a Giant Leap discussion, about the next big steps in space exploration.

Would you like to remember the Moon landing each year, at the moment it happened in 1969, in the time zone you are in that day.


Space Pioneers Meetings
For many years now we have been holding a weekly meeting in the South Arm of our torus Space Station in Second Life.
Meetings last an hour, with the conversation typed in Chat, then captured, and sent out to an Email List.
Another meeting space is the Forum.



Star Challenger ~ Space Pioneers Newsletter

News and views are dispatched in the Space Pioneers newsletter ..... Star challenger ..... which is available to anyone interested.

Celestial Values

In the age of science, there are a few universal realities that personal values can be built on. Accepting that our Universe happens in a larger environment, or transcendent realm, dubbed the Multiverse by cosmologists, shows there is much to consider and no limit to mystery, in the Universe and beyond. Value systems are most often derived from how people get on with each other in their society. In a society that is concerned with how the whole cosmos works, and seeks to know what lies beyond, there is much more to consider to define the values that guide direction and behaviour in life. Ultimately there is nothing, and beyond nothing there is everything that is the Multiverse, which is the reality that we are in. The Universe begins as nothing, as an infinitely small point, as a singularity, and then becomes everything that we know and learn of in life. When we can allow there to be nothing, then we can allow all the Multiverse, beyond thought, beyond all we know or can come to know in the Universe. Nothing as such is not a value, but it is a beginning, for the Universe and for ourselves, as a seed becomes a tree, and then makes seeds of its own. We grow the tree that we become, each moment, when we can begin with nothing, and then be what we would like to be. This is how an old dog learns new tricks. This is the art of meditation. To allow there to be nothing, and then allow the value that we step with next, each moment becoming new day.

Transcendent Realm ~ Science now describes our Universe beginning 13.8 billion years ago as an infinitely small point, or singularity, which leads to speculation about what the Universe began in. The environment that transcends the Universe is commonly called the Multiverse, which may be host to an infinite number of other universes, forming and dissolving like bubbles in the ocean. The Universe is believed to have eleven dimensions, so how many dimensions might the Multiverse have? Or, is the multiverse completely other to our Universe? As science is unable to see beyond the Universe, it is only possible to acknowledge that there is a transcendent environment, and that it is the reality that we are in. To be in the Universe, is also to be in the Multiverse. Are there any windows through which we may see some glimmer of the Multiverse? Such windows can be considered and explored. The experience of happiness may be such a window. This can be explored. Once anyone accepts the reality of the Multiverse, they can consider what the qualities of the Multiverse are, and how those qualities impact on life.
The practice of meditation seeks to be open to the transcendent realm, beyond thought, in stillness.


The primary condition of our Universe is oneness. This is because the Universe began as an infinitely small point, or singularity, which swiftly stretch to become the infinite cosmic home we see around us, filled with stars and galaxies. It is the stretching of space-time that makes the underlying oneness of our cosmos, making oneness the primary quality of the Universe. The implications of stretching space-time, puts each of us in the place where the Universe began, and as space-time is stretched, we have a primal connection to all space and time. We experience diversity and beauty in Nature, but our underlying condition is that of oneness. Appreciating the underlying oneness of space-time opens a new way to see life. When we see the primal connection between people, then we see that part of who we are is within all other people. In science we know that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, so how we treat others has an impact on us. The value of oneness reveals a way to live in peace.
The discipline of meditation aims to still the mind, to gain harmony with oneness in Nature.

The primary force in the Universe is expansion, revealed when the space-time continuum stretched from nothing to infinity. Expansion is seen when stars explode to spread their dust into space, to form new stars and rocky planets, like Earth, where life has expanded from microbes to humans. We can observe how life has not expanded into space by itself, but a toolmaking primate has evolved in Nature that can build the means to expand life beyond Earth. The moment for the stellar expansion of life beyond Earth arrived in the 1970s, but was resisted in preference to pursuits on Earth, such as war. To resist expansion is to be in conflict with Nature. We can now observe that, if we had run with the expansion of life beyond Earth in the 1970s, we would have kept a safe Earth. We would also have become a far more advanced society in the Solar System. Timely expansion would have revealed the next phase in our evolution, undertaken with the machines that we have created. Having breached the primal force for expansion in Nature, we are now at risk from forces gathering with the carbon crisis, where the laws of physics will turn on us. We must awaken to this problem, lift our game, and run like the wind with evolutionary expansion, and secure our cosmic survival beyond Earth. We would then be able to deal with all strife on our home planet. On Earth alone we are at risk. Respecting the value of expansion allows us to work in harmony with Nature, when we allow growth to maturity, a maturity that will be realised at our stage of evolution in the space beyond Earth and among the stars.
The discipline of meditation seeks awareness of expansion in oneness, to be in the oneness of space-time.


If we do not survive, we have no future, and no life. To have life and a future, we must survive. If we live in such a way that our survival is threatened, then we are breaching the evolutionary need for survival in Nature. On Earth alone, we can now observe that our survival is under a cloud, including from the carbon crisis that is driving our planet into a pressure cooker environment where environmental catastrophes can lead to conflicts that slide into nuclear madness. On a planet without any means of escape, we can fall victim to an asteroid, like the monster that sent the dinosaurs into extinction 66 million years ago. Are we smarter than the dinosaurs? In extinction, we would be equal with the dinosaurs. If we believe that we are smarter than lizards, we need to invest in cosmic survival as a matter of urgency. When we have secured our cosmic survival beyond Earth, all else will be revealed, as we run and fly with Nature among the stars. Once expansion is complete in Nature, like the growth of a juvenile, then maturity follows. Human maturity will be realised when we have secured our cosmic survival beyond Earth. On Earth alone, we are trapped in a juvenile phase of perpetual growth, which has become a cancer on the Earth, killing Nature, threatening the death of Mother Earth. The value of survival is a primal call to run like the wind to survive.
In meditation we can be aware of all that surrounds us, and alert to the needs of survival.


I once asked a wise old English gentleman, Aubrey Berkeley, known fondly as Bark, "What is the most important thing in life?" After a silence he responded with one word, "Confidence". I carved this word on a stone as a reminder. Over the years I have found that confidence is a vital value in life. We can know what we should do, but we need the confidence to act on what we know, and excel.
In silence we may consider a matter, and once considered, act in confidence.

Science is built on honesty, so that we can rely on the information that comes from science. Engineering is built on honesty, so that we can trust the work of engineers. Understanding how the laws of Nature work allows the building of bridges that will maintain their integrity, buildings that will stay up, and rocket ships that will successfully fly into space. When we can honesty examine our survival options, then we can define a path of action that will best deliver survival. We have build a mirage of delusion around our society, which hides the risky reality that we are in. We have used fossil fuel to build an industrial society, but have refused to deal with the consequences of burning too much fossil fuel for too long. We needed to have begun energy transition out of fossil fuel in the 1970s, which would have led on to creating a stellar society in space, where everything is different. Our hope now, if we have any hope, is to get real and be honest about our predicament. What are our chances of survival on Earth alone? Is our survival improved in space? If the brutal truth reveals that our survival is improved in space, then we have an honest option to strive for, with all the power we can muster. The value of honesty is critical for our survival.
Through meditation in oneness, unity of thought, word and deed is considered, as in oneness, there is only simple honesty.

Happiness is a natural experience within. This can be found as a personal discipline, by allowing there to be nothing, and then allowing there to be happiness, which can be the memory of a happy moment in life, and allow that remembered experience to fill the mind. Humour shows how happiness is a positive experience. When a joke is heard, and the punch line is realised, there is only the experience of the humour, which is a happiness experience. Being happy, and having a good humour, improves the personal quality of life. Happiness may also be a window into the Multiverse, if happiness is where any experience of the transcendent realm begins. This is a personal experience. There is no science that can prove this, as science is confined to the observation of the laws of the Universe. As we are all naturally in the oneness of space-time, which puts us collectively on the window sill of the Multiverse, we can wonder if happiness is a natural experience within, blowing into life in the Universe from the transcendent realm. The value of happiness delivers the personal freedom to be happy.
The prime mover of meditation is to be in the light of happiness, and allow this light to shine in life.

A happy person has no need of fear, and is able to step fearlessly in life, knowing there is a transcendent reality revealed by science. The happy person fearlessly brushes aside all that is irrelevant in life, and focuses on the heart of the matter, to find success. The happy person steps with care, respecting the forces of Nature at work in the physical world, and in human society. A person gripped by fear may hang onto a dangerous illusion, such as clinging to a planet and burning too much fossil fuel for too long, which then brings on a carbon crisis and a threat to life and survival. The fearless person will see the risk, and know the path of happiness is away from danger, rising fearlessly to the challenge of securing survival, which will allow there to be a future that includes happiness and prosperity, beauty and love. The value of fearlessness delivers the confidence to act when action is needed.
Meditation can only ever happen when the heart is free of fear.

Can we build a society with the level of compassion that allows all the citizens of Earth to enjoy a career, have creative work, receive a proper income, and be assured of a home, which can be called Basic Universal Life Expectation. All wealthy nations could be running with such a society now, but don’t, trapped in a political mindset that insists on around 5 per cent official unemployment, to keep the wheels of growth turning. This is called the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU), which is the drive of expectations of unpaid work, longer hours for those with work, under-employment, unemployment, poverty and homelessness, where women and children on the street are prayed on by sex predators offering a warm bed on a frosty night. Communities could change this politically driven abuse, if they decided to offer a life for all the members of their community. Wealthy nations could decide to be compassionate, if citizens began voting in that direction. To deliver compassion globally, may require a Stellar Economy built on the wealth generated in space. Designing for the delivery of this level of compassion globally, will build peace on Earth, and improve security in space, where we can look toward a future where creativity displaces conflict among the stars. On Earth alone society stumbles deeper into darkness, where life suffers, and Mother Earth is being steadily killed. The value of compassion is a motivator to create a fair world for all.
Meditation is disturbed by knowing that the world is not yet fair, but can be.


To know what is real, we must be silent, to watch, to listen, to know that which is real beyond silence. After a war between the Sky gods and the Earth gods, peace saw an exchange of deities, the the Sky god of silence, Mimir, go to life with the Earth gods. When Mimir failed to speak, the Earth gods found no use for him, and chopped his head off. Hearing of this, the Sky god Odin went in search of Mimir's head, and brought it back to his thrown in Valhalla, as he appreciated the quality of silence.
In silence we can be poised to run like the wind, or be still as the air.

10 ~ PEACE

Peace as a value embodies principles of care for fellow citizens and the Earth. To secure peace on Earth, we must expand into space, where our creative progress can continue, while on Earth we can design a sustainable human presence, where Mother Nature can continue the pageant of life.

A future with peace will see an end to nuclear weapons, an end of slavery, an end to homelessness, and a healthy Earth, no longer threatened by human numbers or behaviour.

The power of love can heal a broken heart, inspire a wonderful creative life, deliver the most beautiful music into the Universe, and see the making of inspiring art, treasured by the many. Love is not included as a value, because love is a driver of the heart, and is the sum of all values, with which we can forge the sword of love to fight in life for all we believe in. To be happy, there are times when we must let go of love, as love can become a compulsion, and a compulsion is a distraction from the values of life. Compulsion breeds fear. The fearless person can love, and does love quite fiercely, but is no prisoner of love, knowing the greater value of happiness, honesty and compassion. Love is of great value in life, but happiness is the liberator, revealing the way to transcendent reality.
Meditation offers a holiday from love, where there is the delight of happiness.
Krishna declared long ago, “The greatest of these is the man of vision, who is ever one, who loves the One.” (Bhagavad Gita 7:17)
Jesus said in the Bible, “I pray that you be one. That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us.” (John17:21)
The Indian spiritual teacher, Sathya Sai Baba, once said, “Liberation happens when you love every being so intensely that you are aware of only one.” (13 August 1971)
The parable of the Good Samaritan (Holy Bible, Luke 10:25-37) describes the quality of fearless compassion, where care is given where there is need, without expectation of reward or favour.
The 2006 book by Stephen M. R. Covey, The Speed of Trust, explores how honesty improves commerce, by building trust, as when people trust each other, more can be achieved.
Warner von Braun once rewarded one of his engineers for telling the truth about an accident, as that allowed a problem to be solved more rapidly and at less cost.
The author of The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith, wrote a book on compassion first, intended to be a companion to the later book, as he could see that competition would work best in a compassionate society.
The British art historian once wrote, “Facts become art through love, which unifies and lifts them to a higher plane of reality; and, in landscape, this all embracing love is expressed as light.” (Landscape into Art, 1949, 1976, page 33)


Star Seed Project

The Star Seed Project concerns preparation for survival against all odds. Imagine arriving at another star and having to establish a star-faring society there. Imagine being trapped on Earth and wishing to win the liberty of star-faring. There could be a thousand Star Seeds around the Earth, maintaining communication via shortwave radio, at the least. The best location for a Star Seed Project, would be in space ..... and the sooner the better.

WWII triggered creation of Australia's only underground hospital at Mount Isa
Kelly Butterworth, 2 January 2019, ABC News Online

As World War II inched closer to Australia, miners in Queensland's north-west volunteered their manpower to dig and fit out Australia's first — and only — underground hospital.
"Even though it was never used as a hospital, the nurses would come here after their shifts to sleep because it is so much cooler in the tunnels than it is outside.”
Ms Markowski said local miners volunteered their time and completed the work in just two weeks between March and April 1942.
"The miners drilled, blasted and mucked out a series of four tunnels," she said. 
"Three run parallel to each other and the fourth intersects them, creating a capital E shape."

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