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Space Pioneer
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Can we save the Earth on Earth alone?
Or do we need to be in space to save the Earth?
Can we inspire people to act on Earth alone?
Or do we need to be in space to inspire the human heart?


Follow Space Pioneers on Twitter ~ @PeartForSpace ~
Space Pioneers Foundation
39A Bridge Street
Ross 7209
Media Contact ~ Kim Peart ~ 0400 856 523
How We Can Use Space to Save the Earth

Space Pioneers are calling for a billion people to rise to the challenge of space, which we see as the way to turn the carbon crisis and save our Earth.
Space Pioneers begin a World tour to explore space options for Earth needs, beginning in the Ross Town Hall, Tasmania ~ 2:00pm Saturday 5 October.
and continues ~

San Francisco on Sunday 6 October - 11 October
Los Angeles on Friday 11 October - 16 October
Washington, D.C. on Wednesday 16 October - 28 October
Chicago on Monday 28 October - 2 November
Stockholm, Sweden, on Sunday 3 November
Departing Stockholm on Monday 11 November to return to Australia

In Washington, D.C., Space Pioneers will be attending the International Astronautical Congress, 21-25 October, where we will have Booth 377 in the Exhibition Hall, and our Science Officer, Dr Jennifer Bolton, will make a presentation in one of the sessions ~

SESSION 4 ~ Space Assets and Disaster Management
14:45pm Thursday 24 October 2019 ~ Room 145A
9 ~ Fixing the Global Carbon Crisis with Space Development ~ Dr. Jennifer Bolton
When Kim Peart wrote his document in 2006 ….. Creating a Solar Civilization ….. the main threat to human survival on the radar was the prospect of a giant asteroid striking the Earth ~
It was joked at the time that if the dinosaurs had invested in a space program, they would still be around.
Are we smarter than the dinosaurs?
A popular T-shirt slogan runs ~ “Asteroids are Nature's way of asking: How’s that space program coming along?”
The next time an asteroid arrives, as they often do with little warning, we might reflect on that question.
Having first engaged with space futures in 1976, Mr Peart was fully aware of what was possible with space following the Apollo Moon landings.
In 2006 Mr Peart set out to lift the global awareness for the need for space for human survival, and was joined by Dr Jennifer Bolton in 2008, founding Space Pioneers in 2011.
Together they have worked out ways for anyone interested to engage in space, even daily, even building a career, even creating a future among the stars, achieved through a mix of virtual world action globally, and community activity locally.
With a virtual world like Second Life, global meetings can be held, displays set up, and models built, even working with robots.
Since 2006 Mr Peart has been investigating that other threat to human survival, with the carbon crisis, which drives global heating and Earth changes that are now happening way too fast.
A story in Scientific American declares ~ "A leading group of international climate scientists is warning that “large-scale strategies” are needed immediately to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and avert “catastrophic circumstances” that threaten every part of the world.” [1]
And ~ “….. climate change is already damaging the planet more than scientists had projected, endangering everything from food supply to the existence of island nations.” [1]
Is there a sure-fire way to fix the carbon crisis, and swiftly.
Mr Peart suggests that space holds the key to save the Earth, and also to winning back a safe Earth.
Students have been hitting the streets, declaring ~”There is no Planet B." [2]
Mr Peart breaks the news that there is a Planet B, and also a Planet C, if we will dare look at space.
There is an article included below, where Mr Peart explores Planet B and Planet C, and how action in space will open the way to save Planet A, the Earth.
Planet B is Venus, and Planet C are orbital space cities and settlements, which in time could have a land area thousands of times that of Earth. [3]
When the people of Earth were inspired by the Earthrise photo from the Moon in 1968, a global environment movement rose to save the Earth.
After half a century, the sad reality is, the global network of environmentalists have totally failed to keep this Earth safe.
Will we learn from this failure, or keep on dancing the waltz of catastrophe, as the Earth dies around us?
Albert Einstein once said ~ "We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.”
So what is the new thinking that is needed for human survival on a safe Earth?
The space option has never been tried.
If the space option had been used in the 1970s, we could have kept this Earth safe, by making energy transition out of fossil fuel, to the power of the Sun harvested in space.
Dr Peter Glaser first proposed solar power stations in space in 1968.
In his 1970s blueprint for space settlement and development, the Princeton physics professor, Gerard K. O’Neill, wrote on space based solar power ~ "If this development comes to pass, we will find ourselves here on Earth with a clean energy source, and we will further improve our environment by saving, each year, over a billion tons of fossil fuels.” (The High Frontier, 1977, William Morrow, page 162)
We didn't do that.
Should we rise to the challenge of space now?
With projections of $500 trillion costs for inaction on Earth, will we act on space? [1]
Could space exploration provide the inspiration we need to save the Earth?
"Nothing inspires people like space does.” ~ declared the Australian Minister for Industry, Science and Technology, Karen Andrews, last December. [4]
At present many people see no hope, and on Earth alone, hope is being blown away as the carbon crisis escalates, and life dies.
Add to the mix the war drums beating away between the United States and Iran, and with Russia marching west and China sailing south, the chances of WWIII that goes nuclear are all too real.
Could a call for space action by a billion people on Earth avoid WWIII?
Space Pioneers suggest that we need to get back to the future of the 1970s, build solar power stations in space, and beam the power to Earth to have the level of energy needed to extract excess carbon dioxide from the air.
With the power of the Sun, we would be able to break carbon dioxide into carbon and oxygen, and process the carbon into a useful resource for Earth and space industries.
With industry in space, we would be able to construct an adjustable sunshade above the Earth, to cool the planet.
If these actions are not taken, we will see nations begin to pump sulphur into the atmosphere, with unknown consequences.
A recent article in Forbes on reversing global warming by geologist James Conca made no mention of a sunshade in space. [5]
Yet, an adjustable space sunshade would be the surest and safest way to cool the Earth, and could double as a solar energy collector.
Rising to space to save the Earth may be the way to avoid WWIII.
Can governments be relied on to take space action?
Space Pioneers invites a billion concerned Earth citizens to join a global campaign.
If we needed to raise a trillion dollars for space work and Earth needs, we could do that.
At 30 cents a day over ten years, a billion people could raise over a trillion dollars, to promote the benefits of space to Earth, take direct action on space, and engage in the work needed to win back a safe Earth.
We now have the way to run a global campaign, where ten million and more, even a billion space pioneers, can join the action.
[1] Immediate Climate Action Is Needed to Avoid “Grim” Future, Scientists Warn
Thomas Frank, 20 September 2019, Scientific American
[2] National School Strike for Climate sees students across the country planning to skip school
Rhiannon Shine, 20 September 2019, ABC News Online

Students speak their minds at global climate strike in L.A.: ‘There is no Planet B’
Sonali Kohli, 20 September 2019, Los Angeles Times
[3] Orbital Space Settlements ~ National Space Society

Kalpana One
fragomatik, 2013

Interior View of Kalpana One Space Settlement
Bryan Versteeg Studios Inc.
[4] South Australia beats strong competition to be home to Australia's new space agency
Leah MacLennan & Caroline Winter, 12 December 2019, ABC News Online
[5] Why Solar Geoengineering May Be Our Only Hope To Reverse Global Warming
James Conca, 10 September 2019, Forbes
NOTE 1 ~ IS THERE A DEEPER LEVEL OF DENIAL ~   When science is ignored in favour of personal belief, truth is sacrificed. There is much railing against climate change denial as a great evil that must be cut out, seen in publications like The Conversation in Australia. [1] If it is not possible to fix the carbon crisis on Earth alone, then this needs to be admitted, as all facts point to a worsening crisis, with no end in sight to the reign of death that is underway. If the space option can be shown to be the sure-fire way to fix the carbon crisis, as well as improve human survival options, then does the space option need to be considered very seriously? If the space option, and any consideration of it, is rejected outright on the basis that we must work out the carbon crisis on Earth alone, is this a belief position, and in fact a deeper level of denial, even more dangerous than climate change denial, as this means that the very means to fix the carbon crisis and improve our survival are being rejected for no good reason. Rejection of the space option may simply see sulphur particles pumped into the atmosphere, to buy time, but this will not solve the carbon crisis, which is making the oceans more acidic. [2]
[1] There’s a good reason we’re moderating climate change deniers: uninformed comments undermine expertise
Misha Ketchell, 19 September 2019, The Conversation
[2] Why Solar Geoengineering May Be Our Only Hope To Reverse Global Warming
James Conca, 10 September 2019, Forbes
NOTE 2 ~ IS THIS A WARNING FROM THE STARS? ~   When researching for his long article on climate change, David Wallace-Wells found climate scientists discussing the Great Filter theory, as a warning for where we are heading with global heating. [1] The Great Filter theory predicts an event in the progress of a planet civilization that ends their run, before they can become a starfaring species. [2] The one event that could strike down all planet civilizations at the same stage in their progress, would be the burning of too much fossil fuel for too long, causing a sudden rise in heat, resulting in their demise. We now know that once a planet civilization is sustainable beyond their planet, they would be able to spread among the stars at the speed of a solar sail, to begin with. [3] If planet civilizations bring on their own end, again and again and again among the stars, this would help to explain why there is an eerie silence among the stars, with no sight or sound of ET. If there is a Great Filter event in our future, it would need to be in our very near future, as we are now quite close to securing a survival presence in space, and once we were secure in space, we would be able to spread out among the stars. [4] James Hansen, the world's leading climate scientist, concluded that atmospheric CO2 needed to be under 350 parts per million (ppm), to keep planet temperature rise under 1.5C (Storms of My Grandchildren, 2009). Hansen warned that a planet temperature rise of 1.5C could trigger a runaway greenhouse effect, which he calls the Venus syndrome. Venus was once more like Earth, with water, and may have been a home of life, until a warming sun triggered change to a hot oven state. As we sailed past 350 ppm CO2 in the air in the 1980s, how much future heat are we actually now facing, with CO2 in the air racing beyond 410 ppm? When James Lovelock worked at NASA on the Viking missions in the 1970s, Carl Sagan alerted him to the warming Sun problem, where the Sun is now 35 per cent hotter than at its birth 4.5 billion years ago. The Earth system has been adjusting to the rising heat, to maintain stable conditions for life. Lovelock warned that because the Sun is hotter than in the past, the pressure on the Earth system from a rapid rise in CO2, driving up the heat, may be too much to tolerate, causing the Earth System to shift suddenly to a permanently hotter environment, where much of the planet will become uninhabitable (The Vanishing Face of Gaia: A Final Warning, 2009). Could this be how the Great Filter works on a planet civilization that burns too much fossil fuel for too long, when they should have been making the transition to the power of their star? If there is a sudden rise in the heat, escalating environmental crisis’ could simply see wars break out that slide into nuclear madness. What we do now about space may simply determine whether we survive, or face the Great Filter.
[1] The Uninhabitable Earth
David Wallace-Wells, 9 July 2017, New York Magazine
[2] The Great Filter - Are We Almost Past It?
Robin Hanson, 15 September 1998

Great Filter theory could explain why we’re yet to make alien contact
George Roberts, 21 July 2017, ABC News Online
[3] Beamed Power Propulsion to the Stars
Dr. Robert L. Forward, 1986, AAAS

Stephen Hawking Helps Launch Project 'Starshot' for Interstellar Space Exploration
Tariq Malik,, 12 April 2016
[4] Going to Space to Benefit Earth (Full Event Replay)
Jeff Bezos, Blue Origin, Amazon

Our Pull-Up Banner ready to travel the World.


Through Starfarer, Kim Peart’s avatar in Second Life, he wonders why the youth of Earth don’t know where planet B is.
In Search of Planet B, and also Planet C
Kim Peart
The youth of the Earth are marching, even out of school with strike action, and holding up boards that declare ~ "There is no planet B.” [1]
This is an odd statement to make, as there is a Planet B, which is nearly the size of Earth, but is very hot on the ground, and too hot for water.
Planet B is Venus, which is so hot, the rocks glow.
We could live at Venus, if we wanted to, in cities that float in the clouds, made of carbon mined from the air of Venus, or live in orbital space cities in space above the planet.
We could also make Venus cool, if we chose to, with the construction of an adjustable sunshade in space, which would double as a solar energy collector, providing power for industry on the ground, in the clouds, and in space around Venus.
We could transform Venus into a second Earth, if we had a mind to, by adding water, shipped in from across the Solar System.
It may take a million years to achieve, but Venus could be Planet B, if that’s what we would like for the future.
This raises a rather curly question.
If we can work out a plan to turn Venus into a second Earth, what is our problem on Earth?
The simple answer to that question, is that we would be working with Venus from above, from space, drawing on the power of the Sun in space to do the work.
To win back a safe Earth, and ensure that Planet A is healthy, we need to work from above, from space, drawing on the power of the Sun in space to do the work.
Is the Sun a reliable energy source?
Our star is the driver of all life on this planet, and has so much fuel in reserve, it will burn fiercely over the next 5 billion years, until expanding to the orbit of the Earth as a red giant star.
In space, where the Sun never sets, it is a virtually infinite energy well.
Solar power stations located closer to the Sun, would be harvesting a higher volume of energy.
With industry in space we could construct an adjustable sunshade above the Earth, to cool the planet.
The Earth will one day turn into a second Venus, as the Sun gets hotter, and that will be the end of life on third rock.
By building a sunshade in space we will be able to extend the tenure of life on Earth by billions of years.
As the Sun gets hotter, future generations will simply need to strengthen the Earth’s sunshade.
A sunshade above the Earth, as suggested for Venus, can double as a solar energy collector, providing power for space industry and Earth needs.
With the power of the Sun, we can extract excess carbon dioxide from the air, to stop it heating up the planet.
Carbon dioxide is also absorbed into the sea, where it is making the oceans more acidic.
Even when cooling the Earth with a sunshade in space, we must extract excess carbon from the air and sea, so that the rising acidity in the sea can be turned down.
As carbon dioxide is taken out of the air, it will begin to come out of the sea and back into the air.
Sadly, so sadly, too much life will be lost before we can turn the tide on species extinctions and ecological damage.
The sooner we launch the work of using space to save the Earth, the sooner we can begin to win back a safe Earth.
Consider the moment in time when space industry becomes self-sufficient, when there is a sustainable industrial presence in space.
I call this the Liberty Line, beyond which there will be no further real cost to space development or construction. [2]
Beyond the Liberty Line we would be able to build any number of orbital space settlements, each generating an Earth gravity via rotation. [3]
Having an Earth gravity home in space will allow an easy return to Earth.
Imagine being born on Mars and wishing to visit Earth, a planet with three times the gravity of Mars.
It may not be possible to make that trip due to health and safety reasons.
Earth gravity space settlements located above Mars would allow the denizens of space to visit Mars, the Moon and Earth, as well as the asteroids.
We solved the problem of finding Planet B, but how about Planet C?
We can create land area in orbital space cities and settlements thousands of times greater than the land area of Earth, and beyond the Liberty Line, there will be no real cost involved.
We know where to get the power, but where will the raw materials come from?
There are near-Earth asteroids, the Moon, Mars, the Asteroid Belt, as many asteroids again in Jupiter’s La Grange areas, and literally trillions of objects scattered half way to the nearest star, where there may even be another Earth sized planet in the Kuiper Belt, or the Oort Cloud.
There may also be as many objects flying between the stars as there are in orbit around stars.
Last year an asteroid from deep space came sailing around the Sun, and more recently an interstellar comet arrived in the Solar System. [4]
Once we win the ability to build orbital habitats in space, we would be able to construct enough living space in space for all the people of Earth, in case of a planet emergency, and the shuttlecraft to provide transport.
That Earth crisis could be a monster asteroid, too big to turn aside, or mine into oblivion.
Space habitats can be moved out of the path of danger, but we cannot move the Earth.
As the Earth gets hotter, and more hostile to humans, we will end up living on this planet as if we were living in space, simply to survive.
If we rise to the challenge, we can make a Giant Leap to the Liberty Line, greatly improving our cosmic survival options.
Securing a sustainable industrial presence in space could be achieved using mini robots and remote control systems, from Earth and also from protected stations in space.
In space mini robots can do the work of mining and construction, and the building of larger robots for the construction of human scale cities among the stars.
When living space in space is declared safe, then humans could move in.
Mini robots will cost much less to send into space, cutting the cost of securing the Liberty Line.
In space we need to protect human habitats from solar and cosmic radiation, and also space rock of all sizes.
A meteoroid the size of a pinhead, when flying at high velocity in space, has a deadly punch on impact.
It is believed that a flake of paint, flying in space at high velocity, chipped the window of the International Space Station. [5]
One of the key needs in space is to keep space clean of human junk and space debris, which is possible with unlimited power from the Sun to do the work.
There is a huge amount of space junk above our planet, which needs to be cleaned up by industry in space, as soon as possible.
Beyond the Liberty Line, any number of ocean cleaning robots can be built in space factories and sent to Earth to clean plastic from the oceans, and recycle the lot.
In space there would be no waste, because the power of the Sun would provide the energy needed to do the work of total recycling.
The space approach to waste can be applied to Earth, to have total recycling.
The power of the Sun could be beamed or cabled to Earth to help do the work of keeping the Earth clean.
The power of the Sun brought to Earth could also be used to extract excess carbon dioxide from the air, break the molecule into carbon and oxygen, and process the carbon into a useful resource for Earth and space industries.
Dealing with carbon dioxide is basic chemistry, but requires a huge amount of energy, which is available to us from the Sun.
With space we can save the Earth, and turn the problem of carbon dioxide pollution into a carbon resource.
Able to build any number of Earth gravity orbital space cities and settlements, anyone who would like to live in space, could.
To be friendly to the Earth, we may need to limit the number of people on the home planet, so that Mother Earth can recover and evolution continue.
We need to work on a management plan for planet Earth.
By winning the liberty of the Solar System, we will be able to look at the best plan for life on Earth, along with a management plan for the Solar System.
With access to the power of the Sun in space, we can design a Stellar Economy, where there is no poverty, where all citizens can enjoy a career, have creative work, receive a good income, and be assured of a home.
Rather than robots being a threat to work and income, all citizens would be working with robots to build a better world.
By sending poverty into history with space, we will be building peace on Earth.
It would be far better to win peace with space, than end up in a nuclear war on Earth.
There are no good outcomes from a nuclear war, but there are good outcomes from winning peace with space.
To win back a safe Earth, to win a future in space, we need to make a Giant Leap to the Liberty Line.
We need to build Planet C, with orbital space habitats, so we can save Planet A, our Earth.
Then if we wish to, we can turn Planet B, Venus, into a second Planet A.
On Earth alone our future is limited, like that of the dinosaurs.
Are we smarter than the dinosaurs?
[1] National School Strike for Climate sees students across the country planning to skip school
Rhiannon Shine, 20 September 2019, ABC News Online
Students speak their minds at global climate strike in L.A.: ‘There is no Planet B’
Sonali Kohli, 20 September 2019, Los Angeles Times
[2] Creating a Solar Civilization
Kim Peart, 2006, revised in 2012 with the assistance of Dr Jennifer Bolton, Space Pioneers website
[3] Orbital Space Settlements ~ National Space Society

Kalpana One
fragomatik, 2013

Interior View of Kalpana One Space Settlement
Bryan Versteeg Studios Inc.
[4] 'Oumuamua Is Not an Alien Spacecraft'
Space Daily, 2 July 2019
An Exclusive Image of the Interstellar Comet That Stunned Astronomers
Jennifer Leman, 19 September 2019, Popular Mechanics
[5] This is what happens when a tiny piece of flying space debris hits the ISS
Lizzie Plaugic, 12 May 2016, The Verge

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