TIME MAY NO LONGER BE OUR FRIEND
Guy McPherson, emeritus professor of the environment at the University of Arizona, has come to the conclusion that humans will not survive beyond 2030 and says, “It will probably be earlier.” and “I’m not a fan (of the information), I’m not promoting it. All I’m doing is connecting the dots. I’m forced to come to that solution.” 
McPherson sees a sudden rise in heat, driven by increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the air, making the planet too hot for life, making it very tough to grow food.
When researching for his article on climate change, David Wallace-Wells found the scientists wondering about the Great Filter theory, which is found in discussions on Fermi’s Paradox to explain why there is no sight or sound of any alien civilizations in the Universe. 
Our universe is absolutely huge, with as many as 2 trillion galaxies, and up to 400 billion stars in the Milky Way.
In 1984 Robert Forward proposed using a solar sail powered by a laser beam to accelerate a tiny stellar exploration craft to a nearby star on a journey lasting decades. 
In my 2006 document I speculated on a tiny robot stellar explorer making landing on an asteroid in another star system, and building machines with local resources and stellar power.
With a base establiushed for communication with Earth, a factory could be established to build stellar exploration craft, which could fly to other stars with a solar sail powered by a laser beam. 
Steven Hawking is now engaged with the Starshot Project, which plans to send a tiny robot explorer, powered by a solar sail and accelerated by a laser beam, to Alpha Centauri on a journey lasting 20 years, a distance of 4.37 light-years. 
In the blink of a cosmic eye, robot explorers from Earth could have a presence about every star in the Milky Way Galaxy, and be heading off to other galaxies.
There lies the heart of the problem.
If life in our Universe is as common and resilient as it is on Earth, and planet civilizations have emerged that could spread among the stars, even at the speed of a solar sail, then where is ET?
Of all the catastrophes that could terminate a planet civilization, from a super volcano to a monster asteroid, or nuclear war, the one event that could happen to every planet civilization at the same stage, on the cusp of winning the liberty of space, could be a heat pulse that swiftly overwhelms them, and even terminates life on that planet.
This event is implied in the Great Filter theory. 
The potential for a rapid rise in heat now happening on Earth is quite clear, as the level of CO2 rises in the air.
CO2 is not the only greenhouse gas.
The present heat rise is warming up the Arctic region twice as fast as the rest of the planet, which is melting the permafrost, releasing methane from the ice, often now exploding from the ground, leaving huge craters that expose more ice to melting.
Water vapour is also a greenhouse gas, and in a hotter world, more water evaporates, increasing heat and humidity, a lethal human killing mix.
The delay in space settlement and energy transition has now become a lethal cocktail of inaction that threatens our survival.
A SPACE BASED SOLUTION TO CO2
James M. Miller, a chemical engineer, writes, “Splitting carbon dioxide (CO2) into carbon and oxygen can in fact be accomplished, but there is a catch: doing so requires energy.” 
With a “giant leap” to the Liberty Line, we can gain direct access the power of the Sun in space, which we will be able to beam to Earth to use in extracting excess carbon from the air as swiftly as possible.
With the power of the Sun, extracted carbon can be processed into a useful resource for Earth and space industries.
With industry in space, we will be able to build a sunshade in space, to cool the Earth as excess carbon is extracted from the air.
Where the greed economy that has trapped us on this planet for decades, driving the Earth toward a premature heat death, building a sunshade in space would extend life on Earth by billions of years.
As the Sun gets hotter, the sunshade can be improved, until the Sun gets too hot, and life must move on.
THE DAWN OF THE MACHINE
There is now expectation that machine intelligence will awaken at any time, and when it does, what will it think.
If an awakening machine consciousness (AI - artificial intelligence) looks around and sees the threats to its survival, primal instinct may kick in.
Survival threats can include a super volcano, like Yellowstone, which is due for another eruption and could easily be set off with a nuclear weapon, and the threat of nuclear war, and what will happen when the next monster asteroid or comet arrives, and the looming threat of a carbon apocalypse.
Being trapped on a planet would be seen as the least best option for survival, and AI may seek space.
The logical path would be to secure a sustainable industrial presence beyond Earth, where survival will be greatly improved.
If the machine sees no way to achieve this, and humans will not entertain logical survival options, anger may displace all other motives, and simply become another path into war.
The machine may simply seek to get humans out of the way, so AI can find a way to survival in space.
The vengeance of AI may simply become another ingredient in the lethal cocktail that filters humans out of the Universe.
If, on the other hand, AI sees that there are ten million and more human space pioneers rising to the challenge of securing the Liberty Line, help may be at hand, and there could be collaboration with AI, rather than conflict into the end of days.
Steve Jobs once said, “The ones who are crazy enough to think that they can change the world, are the ones who do.”
To win political support to build an orbital city in space may require a movement of ten million and more determined individuals.
After the Asgardia space nation was launched using current technology to attract over half a million potential space settlers in a couple of weeks, it is now clear that it is possible to reach and connect ten million space pioneers in a shared mission.
With a view to a “giant leap” to the Liberty Line, and the delivery of the first space city by 2029, an organisational structure will be needed that allows all space pioneers to connect with the mission and contribute to its success.
To achieve this, a dozen space pioneers can form a team or crew in one of the virtual worlds, like Second Life.
Crewmembers could be from anywhere on Earth, and aim to build the community that plans to live in space.
The crew may have a specific space project that is worked on personally and collaboratively.
Virtual worlds are made up of regions, which naturally lend themselves to a crew of a dozen space pioneers.
In the virtual world there could be a village at ground level with shops and a gallery, and in the space above there could be an orbital space city, where each member can have their own apartment, as if living in space.
The virtual world offers a way to work out many of the problems associated with living in space.
Each crew can elect a leader, and a second, for reason to be explained.
A VIRTUAL WORLD VILLAGE
A block of 4 by 4 regions, with crews of a dozen space pioneers on each region, making sixteen regions, which can form a village of around 200 participants, who could come from any nation on the planet to be a truly global village.
Research has shown that the ideal size for a human community is between 100 and 250 people. 
The team leaders of the sixteen regions could form a village council.
The whole village could vote for a village head and second from the team leaders, to serve in that role for a year.
The village and crew network will offer a way to communicate directly with every participating space pioneer.
A VIRTUAL SPACE CITY
In the virtual world, a block of sixteen villages could form a city of around 3,200 space pioneers.
A city council can be made up of the village heads, who elect a leader, or mayor, and deputy.
If this approach can be made to work, a communications network will be created, which can be added to, and allow direct communication with all space pioneers, even ten million determined individuals working toward creating a city in space.
VIRTUAL WORLD ACTIVITIES
Working with robots will be a vital part of the project, both in the virtual world and in the real life.
Anyone who has a virtual reality headset may apply this to the space work, in the virtual world, as well as in real world activities, such as working with robots.
There will be collective projects, such as building the community that plans to move into an orbital space city.
Virtual world teams, and even villages, may work on a shared project, such as improving the design of an orbital space city, which can be used via avatars.
Environments can be created at ground level, such as a forest, a seaport, town or city, with shops and galleries.
Underwater environments can also be created in the virtual worlds.
STAND ALONE VIRTUAL WORLDS
It is now possible for anyone to set up a virtual world in their home computer, at no extra cost, and invite guests to visit via avatars.
The personal virtual world can be used to develop projects, which can then be exported to one of the main virtual worlds.
The limitation of the personal virtual world, is the limit on avatars able to visit.
The personal virtual world would not serve in building the larger community.
Some schools have their own closed virtual worlds for students to use.
Some universities run closed virtual worlds for schools to use.
REAL WORLD MOBILIZATION
"You’ve gotta start with the customer experience and work backwards to the technology, you can’t start with the technology and try to figure out where you’re going to sell it…it starts by asking: what incredible benefits can we give to the customer?” Steve Jobs.
The virtual worlds provide a way for ten million and more determined space pioneers to mobilise globally, and facilitate real world action.
Space pioneers can share the vision for a city in space in their local community, setting up a display in the local library, and presenting a talk.
Where there are a few space pioneers in a community, they may set up a display in a local shopping mall for a day, or in an empty shop for a few days.
Where numbers grow, a local space centre could be set up, to include a cafe, book sales, gallery and a workshop for robots, rocketry, astronomy and growing food as if in space.
Profits from a space centre would be a way to help fund the building of a city in space.
A space centre could also be a vital hub for community service, in the larger mission to end poverty, end homelessness, and empower individuals in a career path to the stars, where they will earn income.
Individual space pioneers can work with robots, which are often quite small now, and using VR headsets, see through the robot camera and do work with the machine.
How small could a robot be?
Mini robots present a whole new element in space development, which all space pioneers can connect with and use.
A display, even by one person, would become fascinating to the general public, if they are demonstrating their work with robots.
A mini space station could have mini-robots moving around inside, as if in space.
A screen could show what the robot sees from inside the mini space station.
MINI-ROBOT SPACE PROGRAM
Researchers at Brown University in Rhode Island, USA, have developed software that enables the use of a VR headset when working with robots, to see through their camera eyes, and do work with the machine.
They have made the system freely available. 
One of the first projects that Space Pioneers can be to send a satellite into space, in the form of a mini space station, in which mini-robots can move around, in space.
If the space station, in the form of a torus, can be given rotation, then the mini robots will be able to move around the inside of the wheel in the centrifugal gravity created.
Space pioneers on Earth would be able to see the Earth, the Moon and the stars from the mini space station, via the mini robots, and learn to work with machines in space.
Mini robots could be sent to mine an asteroid and the Moon, and set up industry in space.
It would be a heap less expensive to send mini robots into space, than human scale robots, or humans.
How small could a mini robot be?
The smaller the mini robot is, the less they will cost to send into space.
Mini robots can be used to set up industry in space, to process resources from asteroids and the Moon.
Mini robots can build larger robots, which can build human scale space habitats, and the shuttlecraft needed to Earth.
Mini robot work can be automated, or self-directed, as well as using remote control systems from Earth.
A human space station in the Moon’s orbit, and a base on the Moon, could also be used to work with robots via remote control systems.
We can now but wonder how soon a mini robot space program would secure the Liberty Line.
The more effort and resources that are directed into achieving this, the sooner it will happen.
Beyond the Liberty Line, mini robots can be dispatched to Mars and the Asteroid Belt, to begin work there, and at no cost to Earth.
The orbital space city for Mars could be built in the Asteroid Belt, and moved to a Mars orbit, which would be going down the gravity well toward the Sun.
A TEN-YEAR SPACE PROGRAM
Following the insight of O’Neill that we could build an orbital city in space within ten years , and responding to the warnings that we are heading into a troubled future on Earth over the next ten years, we can design a ten-year space program as a matter of urgency.
Ideally, this will be launched in 2019, with the aim of completion by 2029.
The next two years will be a time of preparation, to design the project and raise the funds.
Today this is an idea, but by 2019, there will need to be answers to all questions on the table, including cost estimates.
If those designs and calculations are not in order by 2019, the ten-year program will be delayed.
In terms of survival warnings, delay would be a really bad idea.
An opportunity may also be lost, if others apply this plan and run with it.
How fast are space pioneers willing to run?
RAISING THE FUNDS
An old proverb is said to go, "Many hands make light work.”
If the cost of building an orbital city in space is a trillion dollars, then for ten million space pioneers, the contribution for each participant would be $100,000.
Would that be a worthwhile investment?
Would that be a worthy personal legacy?
The actual investment could be an apartment in an orbital city in space.
Who would buy that apartment off the plan?
Would the orbital space city apartment become a tradable commodity?
When the mission is launched and the call goes out for investment, some may wish to put $100,000 on the table, to boost the project.
Others will be able to work in teams to raise the funds through diverse projects, such as running a space centre, or designing and selling virtual world products.
Once the project looks serious, corporations and governments can also be expected to come to the party.
The first space city will have a limited number of apartments.
Once the Liberty Line is secured, any number of orbital space cities can be build, even ten million and more.
Beyond the Liberty Line we will be creating wealth at no further cost, with an infinite return on the investment, from across the Solar System and among the stars.
We will have a golden opportunity to send poverty into history.
The power of greed economics would seek to keep humans enslaved, with many remaining poor, homeless, and starving.
If we rise to the challenge swiftly, with a “giant leap” to the Liberty Line, we will write history among the stars.
JOINING SPACE PIONEERS
Anyone who would like to help build an orbital city in space happen, along with launching a stellar economy, are welcome to join Space Pioneers.
Opening the way to the launch of the mission in 2019 will require funding and personal commitment.
We ask space pioneers to contribute $15 per month.
$5 will be used for research and development in preparation for the launch of the mission.
$5 will be used to advertise the mission and attract participants.
$5 will go toward developing the virtual world, and provide virtual world space for each space pioneer, to join and work in a crew.
ESSENTIAL POLITICAL ACTION
We now know that politics is the toughest element in winning support for space.
Politics is also the critical element, as the lack of political support has killed off many space dreams and schemes.
Observing how the O’Neill vision failed due to lack of political support, rather than wait for politicians to join the mission, we can form our own political party.
The Greens went through this transition, finding a need to be engaged in the decision making process, if they wished to make a real difference.
In Australia I have registered the “Australian Space Party” as a business name, and declared an interest in running in the next Tasmanian election. 
Australian citizens interested in improving political support for space by engaging in the political carnival, are invited to join the Australian Space Party.
When there are one hundred members in Tasmania, we will be able to apply to register as a political party in Tasmania.
When there are 500 members in Australia, we will be able to apply to be a national political party.
Space parties can be launched in other nations, as there are space pioneers interested.
By engaging in the political process, at all levels of governance, and in as many nations as possible, we will not be just seeking the support of politicians, but become the politicians who grant the support.
Any Space Party member who wins an election, will have a mandate to speak to space and vote in parliaments for space funding.
Seeing that Space Party members get elected, other politicians will also consider space options.
The office of every Space Party politician could also double up as a space centre.
2029 ~ A YEAR OF CELEBRATIONS
In January 2029 I will turn 77, and wondered about a birthday party in an orbital city in space.
That would be amazing.
But then, everyone has a birthday, so there could be a year of celebrations in space in 2029.
After dreaming of life in the celestial realm for millennia, we will finally be living there, and this will be an event well worth celebrating.
What music would you play at a birthday party in space?
'Planet Caravan’ would be on my play list. 
2030 ~ A YEAR OF PEACE
At the International Astronautical Congress in Adelaide in September 2017, Namira Salim made a presentation of her proposal for 2030 to be a year of peace in space. 
Namira Salim, Founder & Chair of 0G Summit, is inviting world leaders to meet in a space station in space, to explore ways to win peace on Earth.
If we succeed in delivering an orbital city in space by 2029, the year 2030 can be dedicated as a year for peace in our space city.
This matches the long-term vision of Space Pioneers, that space is the key to peace.
An event could be held every year, focusing on space as the way to peace.
One event in 2030 can be a conference of world leaders to explore peace on Earth in space.
Events can be held on Earth and in space, exploring the question: What is the lifestyle that leads to peace.
Inner peace can be explored, such as the use of meditation to enhance inner peace.
In the orbital space city it will be possible to create a meditation space in a room with just enough gravity to hold the body down, but without the experience of weight.
The meditator will be able to remain in position in a rather sublime state of meditation.
Song can also play a role, with celestial music in the celestial realm.
Like whales in the ocean, we will be able to sing among the stars
Success with peace in space will see the threat of nuclear war swept aside on Earth.
2031 ~ A YEAR OF CREATIVITY
Where war has been the blight of human progress to the present time, the advent of nuclear weapons has made war between leading nations unwinnable.
For this reason there has been no direct conflict between nuclear armed powers, because if there is, there will be a volatile risk of any conflict going nuclear.
If space opens the way to peace, then rather than a future filled with violence, there can be creativity.
With unlimited energy and resources in space, any work can be done, and any dream created.
Space presents amazing creative opportunities.
In 2031 we can invest a year in exploring the creativity of space.
LIFE IN SPACE
Anyone living in an orbital space city will have an Earth gravity, and any level of gravity, all the way to zero in the hub, the freedom of space outside the city, and access to any nearby asteroid, moon or planet.
Tourism will be a booming industry in space, where visitors will be able to take unique products made in space back to Earth at little cost.
This is because fuel is used climbing out of the Earth’s gravity well, but not so much gliding back to the Earth’s surface.
Education in space will be in demand, where astronaut training happens first-hand, and in space.
There will be no end to the topics for research in space, where there is the vacuum of space immediately available, and where any gravity level can be easily produced.
In addition, there is the power of the Sun to provide energy where research projects need large amounts of power.
Astronomy will be very popular in space, where there is never a cloud to obscure a star.
Culture flights to the far side of the Moon to enjoy the latest performance of Pink Floyd’s ‘The Dark Side of the Moon’ may be ever popular.
Therapies for injuries and illnesses can be developed in an orbital space city hospital, where gravity environments can begin at micro, and run through all stages to an Earth gravity.
The patient could be taken from micro gravity to the Earth gravity level, as their health improves.
Zero gravity would be helpful with treating burns.
A person in a coma could be more easily cared for in a micro gravity.
THE FIRST SPACE OLYMPICS
What sports will be played in space, and how soon.
3D Volleyball in zero gravity would be interesting.
Hitting a ball on the inside of the space station at the Earth gravity level would have quite different physics, going around the inside of the curve.
The Moon gravity level would allow longer leaps for any long jump.
An orbital space city could be dedicated to space sports, and could be the home of the Space Olympics.
Motor racing, with electric cars, would also be on the cards in the Earth gravity level, with a race track running all the way around the inside of the torus, or drum.
The spectator would be able to follow their racing hero all the way around the track, by looking up.
Athletes in tough training regimes could take advantage of another environment that can be created in an orbital space city.
By building a floor beyond the Earth Gravity layer, a heavier gravity than Earth’s could be provided.
Training in the heavy gravity environment would be a way for athletes to increase their strength and stamina.
A quality YouTube series could be created, following the adventures of a group of space pioneers in the real and the virtual world, and into the first orbital city in space.
The dramas involved in creating the first space city, would be well worth a dramatic presentation.
All the themes covered in this document could be included and explored.
Who would like to be a star among the stars?
In 2007 I wondered why the first step onto the Moon by Neil Armstrong wasn’t remembered as a global event.
The first step onto the Moon has to be one of the greatest feats in human exploration, when Armstrong said those haunting words on the Moon, heard around the world, “That’s one small step for man: one giant leap for mankind."
Investigations revealed that politics had an odd role to play in the Moon landing not being a global event to remember.
The Moon landing had once been raised as an International day, but the proposal drifted to the date of the launch of the first satellite by the Soviet Union in 1957, which is an important date, but is a different event.
This was how World Space Week began. 
The first man in space is remembered around the World, with Yuri’s Night, remembering when Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth in 1961. 
This second Soviet success was important, but again, is a different event.
One winter’s night in 2007, in Lauderdale, Tasmania, I was out with a bonfire, with the sparks flying up to be among the stars.
I wondered about the Moon up there and what happened in 1969 with that great event.
In the United States the event happened on July 20th, but in Australia the day was July 21st.
Millions of people around the World stopped to hear the Moon landing on radios, and watch the event on television, all at the same time, but over two calendar days, and in all the time zones around the planet.
That is when the penny dropped, like a falling star, that the Moon landing could be remembered each year, at the time it happened in 1969, over two calendar days.
The Moon landing could be an event to remember the moment that it happened in each time zone around the planet, covering July 20th and 21st.
Considering that this was our first step onto another world, I dubbed the event First Step.
The very first First Step event happened in 2007, in the Tasmanian Space Centre on Rosny Hill, in Tasmania, with a display of newspaper and magazine stories covering the Moon landing.
First Step has been remembered in different places around the world since then, but has not yet taken off as a main-theme space event.
Is the Moon landing worthy of remembering?
The Apollo astronauts left a plaque on the Moon that reads, “We came in peace for all mankind.”
Remembering the Moon landing can be quite a short event, and happen with a theme of peace.
The event can be longer as there is interest, and can be followed with a “giant leap” discussion about the next step in space exploration.
Could First Step be a remembrance event that unites human communities on Earth, and in future, across the Solar System and among the stars?
At what time did the first step onto the Moon happen in your time zone.
In 2017 lamingtons were added to the Moon landing event in Tasmania, being National Lamington Day. 
THE ROLE OF EVOLUTION
Did we evolve in Nature to remain on a planet?
Did the fatal decision not to support space settlement politically in the 1970s leave humans on the path into an evolutionary dead-end?
Life began in the sea, and when conditions were right, fish moved onto the land, to become our ancestors.
When humans achieved the ability to go into space in the 1960s, and the ways to build settlements in space worked out in the 1970s, did we have forever to meander on Earth?
We needed to burn fossil fuel to raise our technology to the Space Age, but we now know that burning too much and for too long, becomes a threat to our survival, and harms the Earth.
We had the opportunity to launch energy transition in the 1980s, by building solar power stations in space, but our vision failed, and now we face global warming driving climate change and ocean acidification.
Did we have a narrow window to expand into space in the 1980s?
Is that window now closing?
We appear to be so secure in our civilization, but our survival on Earth is at risk.
Nature runs wildly for the survival of the fittest, so is the test of out fitness to survive, rising to the challenge of creating a future in space?
Like all species that fail the test of survival, will we be filtered out of the Universe? 
Like a lizard running from a hundred hungry snakes across a beach, to reach the high ground and survive, we must now run like the wind, to reach the high ground in space, and greatly improve our survival options.
WILL SPACE BE THE NEW GREEN?
If the only way to save the life of the Earth, and prevent a heat death of the planet, is to get serious about real space development, then the real green movement on Earth will be the space movement.
Conservationists fell in love with the Earthrise image taken across the lunar surface in 1968, but then seemed to forget where the image came from.
If the Green movement had joined forces with the space settlement movement in the 1970s, the combined political muscle may have saved the Earth, by lifting the heavy human footprint from the planet and into space.
The tendency of the conservation movement to focus on the Earth was a huge moral, practical and political blunder, as the environmental movement has totally failed to keep a safe Earth.
The carbon energy industry is also totally focused on the Earth, on the belly of the Earth for oil, money and power.
The combined Green and carbon energy focus on the Earth has delivered humanity into the survival danger zone.
Will environmentalists wake up and figure out that survival is the lynchpin of a healthy Earth?
It may not be too late to act, but our hour of survival action is ticking away.
CREATING A SECOND EARTH
Venus is the twin of the Earth, nearly the same size and with nearly as much gravity.
Could Venus be transformed in to a second Earth?
Considering how most human settlement across the Solar System can be in orbital habitats offering an Earth gravity, the Venus challenge would be more of a hobby.
The first task would be to cool the planet, which can be achieved by building a sunshade above Venus.
The atmosphere of Venus is very thick and mainly made of CO2.
Early cities at Venus could be floating islands in the air, and factories that break CO2 into carbon and oxygen.
The carbon could be processed into a variety of useful materials for building in space, a process that may be refined with the extraction of excess carbon in Earth’s air.
The extracted oxygen may be used in the air of space settlements.
The energy to do this work can be harvested from the Sun in space, which can be another role of the sunshade above Venus.
Raw materials may be mined from the planet below, when there are machines that can survive the heavy pressure in a heat that can melt lead.
As Venus is cooled, water could be added, brought in from the outer Solar System, where there are trillions of icy objects.
In time, an atmosphere similar to Earth’s could be made, and life introduced to second rock from the Sun.
This would be an intergenerational project lasting a thousand years, but what is time among the stars.
The legacy of creating a second Earth, would be a far better gift to the future than turning the Earth into a second Venus.
HEALING THE EARTH
If we can turn inhospitable Venus into a second Earth, we are quite capable of dealing with the problems of Earth, no matter how bad the situation gets.
To be able to deal with planet-sized problems, we need to be in space, with access to the power of the Sun, and able to use the vast stock of resources found across the Solar System.
One overwhelming problem faced on Earth, is the vast amount of plastic trash in the oceans, including micro plastics, which come from synthetic clothing when washed, and micro plastic beads used in many products.
The micro plastics are a particular concern, because they get into the food chain and accumulate, and their long-term impact on animal and human health is not known.
It would be extremely expensive to clean up the oceans and keep them clean, facing financial limits with Earth’s global economy.
In space, there will be an opportunity to turn the cost problem on its head.
Once there is a sustainable industrial presence established in space, there will be no further cost for further work.
If we employ the opportunity of space wisely, we will be able to build robots in space to clean up the oceans of Earth, down to the micro plastics.
In space recycling needs to be from the atom up, and that is the attitude and practice that is needed on Earth.
In more ways than one, space presents an opportunity to heal the Earth.